Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and reduce the causal factors of disasters. Reducing exposure to hazards, lessening vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improving preparedness and early warning for adverse events. DRR aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention and the like.
GEECS utilises UNISDR and its Strategic Framework 2016-2021, the Hygo Framework for Action (HFA), and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction as the three pillars on which to lay reliance in assisting member countries, communities and other stakeholders to achieve sustainable disaster risk reduction, uphold disaster resilience at all levels and ensure adequate means of implementation.
Priority 1. Understanding disaster risk.
Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. Such knowledge can be used for risk assessment, prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.
- Support its partners in developing state -of-art methodologies for disaster data collection, data analysis, data dissemination, and capacity building; and
- Provide technical support and guidance in the identification of disaster damage indicators and the development of methodologies for damage/loss assessment.
Priority 2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk.
Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels is vital in the prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and rehabilitation. It fosters collaboration and partnership.
- Assist its clients in their efforts to strengthen disaster risk governance, including national platforms; and accountability for disaster risk preparedness and management; and
- Support its client institutions and other stakeholders in the design and implementation of national and regional DRR strategies and programs of action in line with the HFA, the Sendai Framework and the UNSDR’s Strategic Framework 2016-2021.
Priority 3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
Public and private investment in disaster risk prevention and reduction through structural and non-structural measures are essential to enhance the economic, social, health and cultural resilience of persons, communities, countries and their assets, as well as the environment.
- Support countries and other stakeholders in the establishment of an integrated approach to building climate-resilient development, which cuts across the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction; and
- Promote increased understanding of how the management of risks such as climate change and degradation of ecosystems can be mainstreamed in economic and social programs/projects, and processes.
Priority 4. Enhancing disaster risk preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
The growth of disaster risk means there is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness for response, take action in anticipation of events, and ensure capacities are in place for effective response and recovery at all levels. The recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction phase is a critical opportunity to build back better, including through integrating disaster risk reduction into development measures.
- Promote the incorporation of disaster risk knowledge, including disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation, in formal and non-formal education; and
- Use a Community-Based Disaster Risk Management approach aimed at strengthening village-level structures and capacity to reduce the impact of disasters.